Horse Training

Starting each season, it is important to do an analysis of the previous ones and what were the most frequent problems of the horses. After many years of work doing polo horse clinic of professional players and vocational players, from 0 to 10 goals and analyze together how to prevent some injuries caused, most of them, by mishandling training times, including some concepts about care, which are important. To train is to prepare an athlete in an orderly and regular way to perform some physical activity. Let’s put ourselves through concrete guidelines:

  • That the horse to train is physically healthy, that he has physical fitness without major aplomb defects and with a pre-workout of 15 to 20 days.
  • Let us have a video track where you can perform the exercise.
  • Once the same is done, the animal can rest in good-sized pits, with good food.
  • Finally, whoever does this training work, does so with the knowledge that knows how to respect the rest, work, and feeding schedules.

Horse Training Example

We will take as an example a 7-year-old horse, of a medium-handicap player, with three seasons, without injuries. Start the routine at 5:30 or 6:00 a.m. With an oat ration of 4 kg., this amount will be modified according to the size and feed will of each equine. He is left to eat for 45 minutes to 1 hour, at 6:30 a.m. It is taken out to vote for 60 minutes with an alternate of trance and trot, returning 7:30 hs. To the stable. It is not advisable to ride more than two horses on a par. Back to the stable allow those who have not done so to complete their ration, as not all animals eat at the same speed. The rest of the morning will be used for maintenance routines. You have to avoid the horses from being tied in a pallet or the box; they should be allowed to handle their rest, trumpets, and loose on it.

The afternoon routine is the one that allows more variants; you can repeat trance and trot or ride one by one all horses, gallop them about 10 minutes, depending on each horse, because each has different characteristics of temperament, of status, of resistance, need to correct defects, etc. Riding them is important because it allows the trainer to evaluate the training status of the horse. Whatever the requirement, the well-trained horse must regain his breathing and heart rate within 15 minutes of finishing the exercise. After the evening routine, the horse returns to the box where he will receive the afternoon ration, 4 kg of oats plus a grass pence of approximately 3 kg. You should always have water at will. In this ration, food supplements such as mineral salts, vitamin complexes, or drug treatments should be added. In the case of horses with injuries, it is advisable that they do a different training that does not undergo intense efforts and that they start their work being thin as it is important that they achieve state as they intensify the exercise.

What Consequences Can the Lack of Balance of Work Bring?

As a result of the lack of regularity or balance between work and food occurs the boarding or hemoglobinuria or Subhemoglobinuria depending on the importance of the injury. This is a disease caused by a disorder in carbohydrate metabolism. Carbohydrates are found in significant quantities in grains. The horse with a good diet of oats or corn, accumulates in muscle masses a lot of them, like muscle glycogen, which is used as fuel in exercise. During daily work, it consumes this glycogen and eliminates lactic acid as a product of combustion or muscle metabolism. When for some reason, such as rest day after a match, rain, the franc of the appetizers, or some injury that prevents him from working, the animal is left between 18 and 24 Hs. At rest in the box and is supplied the same high ration in carbohydrates, the metabolic crisis is unleashed in the 1st post-rest work, which is expressed with hardening when walking and muscle stiffness in the legs, tremors, sweating, muscle pain, which, if not noticed and perform the indicated training, under the different forms of exercise, may end in the fall and subsequent death of the animal.

The abrupt release of lactic acid damages the muscle fibers, with rupture of the same and subsequent scars that manifest in horses, such as flat, fibrous rumpus, with pressure pains. The way to avoid this pathology is “Not supplying” grain to horses that, for some of the above reasons, do not go out to work. As a preventative, it is very useful to add a tablespoon of baking soda in the water or the serving and perform the first work after that sabbath, gently and slowly, on firm soils, avoiding heavy soils that force a greater effort in thee my own. There are horses more predisposed to this imbalance than others because, after a first attack, they become sensitized, and in the face of less carelessness, they unleash another metabolic crisis.

This loss of symmetry may be of greater or lesser importance. The external manifestation of height difference is the result of the displacement of the sacral bone in its joint with the coxal, the result of an effort or severe trauma. The more important the displacement, the more serious the injury and the more important the sequel. If the displacement is small (1 or 2 Cm.), there is a slight swelling in the place, which manifests itself with only palpation, pressure, and a mild cold soreness, they refuse to change legs working. The more severe the injury and the more severe the displacement, the more noticeable the symptoms can reach 2nd or 3rd-degree claudications. Usually, these pathologies are cured with anti-inflammatory and neurolytic, since by removing pain, the muscle atrophy produced by the antalgic position is less.